The pain at the end of the spine is usually not severe and may be the result of poor posture or repetitive efforts, for example, is easily resolved with rest and light massage at the site of the pain. However, when the pain becomes intense and constant, it is important to go to the doctor so that the symptoms are evaluated, the diagnosis is made and, thus, treatment can be started.
The treatment for pain at the end of the spine can be done with the use of muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatory drugs, depending on the type of pain and medical advice, in addition to physiotherapy sessions to strengthen the muscles and relieve symptoms. Find out how drug treatment is done.
The pain at the end of the spine is usually not severe and can be easily resolved with rest, physiotherapy sessions and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, for example. The main causes of back pain are:
1. Low back pain
Low back pain corresponds to pain at the end of the spine that may or may not be accompanied by pain in the legs or buttocks that may last for less than or more than 1 month. Low back pain can be caused by poor posture, back malfunction, physical inactivity, local infection or even a tumor.
What to do: In the case of low back pain, treatment can be done with the use of medications, such as muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, always with medical guidance. Physiotherapy may also be recommended to strengthen muscles and reduce pain.
2. Inflammation of the sciatic nerve
The sciatic nerve starts at the end of the spine and, when inflamed or compressed, can cause severe pain in the back, in addition to pain in the buttocks and legs. Inflammation of the sciatic nerve can also cause difficulty in keeping the spine erect and lower and pain when walking. Learn more about the sciatic nerve.
What to do: When you notice the first symptoms of inflammation in the sciatic nerve, it is important to consult an orthopedist so that the diagnosis can be made and treatment can be started, which can be done with the use of anti-inflammatories to relieve the symptoms, in addition to physiotherapy sessions to reduce pain, inflammation and strengthen the lower back and thus improve the quality of life. Here’s how to treat the sciatic nerve at home.
3. Repetitive effort
The practice of repetitive activities that involve the lower back, such as riding a bicycle or crouching many times during the day, can cause inflammation of the muscles and ligaments in the region, resulting in pain at the end of the spine.
4. Bad posture
Bad posture is one of the main causes of pain at the end of the spine, because the incorrect posture when sitting, for example, can cause great pressure on the coccyx, resulting in low back pain.
5. Herniated disc
Herniated discs occur when the intervertebral disc leaves the site, leading to compression of the nerves in the region and resulting in pain in the lower back. In addition to pain at the end of the spine, there may be difficulty in walking and bending down, weakness of the legs and even changes in the functioning of the bladder due to compression of local nerves. Learn what the symptoms of a herniated disc are.
6. Renal stone
The main symptom of kidney stones is acute pain at the end of the back, more precisely in the lateral region, which arises due to the presence of kidney stones that cause inflammation and obstruction of the flow of urine in the urinary tract. See what are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones.